Berat, the town of a thousand windows and part of the UNESCO World Heritage program since 2008, has been inhabited since the 4th century BC, which is why it’s one of the most unique cities in the world.
Berat, "the city of one on one windows", remains one of the strongest hotspots for tourism in Albania's history, art, and culture. Due to its particular historical and cultural values, Berat was declared a "museum town" in 1961, and since July 8, 2008, the area of the museum town, which includes the three main quarters, 'Castle', 'Mangalemi' and 'Gorica' "Is on the UNESCO World Heritage List, "As a rare example of an architectural ensemble to date, preserving the authenticity and authenticity typical of Ottoman-era urban centers".
The city of Berat continues to be one of the favorite destinations for foreign tourists, without leaving even the local ones behind. The fact that the city of Berat is already part of UNESCO, but also the special cultural and historical values that the area carries over the years, has attracted more and more tourists to visit.
Berat harmoniously blends western and eastern culture and best proves the tradition of religious harmony in the country. Just 90 minutes away from Tirana (only 130 km), Berat can offer history, culture, hospitality, delicious food, cheap accommodation and much more.
The environment of the city of Berat today seems to have been a settlement for human activity since prehistory. Its earliest traces are evidenced by two cartridges found on the walls of the castle, dating to the end of the Bronze Age (3rd millennia BC). Over time, this place turned from a camp into a genuine ancient city in the second half of the 4th century BC.
Referring to Polibi, in 216 BC, the city was believed to have been founded by Cassander, son of Antipater, the regent of Macedonia during Alexander the Great's campaigns in Persia. This year it is mentioned by the name of Antipater. The Romans called it Albanorum Oppidium, or Arber Fortress. The city is also mentioned in the notes of Julius Caesar during the Roman civil war in 48 BC.
In the early Middle Ages, the city seems to be on its own, as many centers of antiquity such as Apollonia, Bylis, Amantia, fall. Berat was occupied by the Bulgarian Empire in 860; it was recaptured by the Byzantines in 927, and again occupied by the Bulgarian Empire in 976 until 1018, when Basil II finally restored Byzantine power in the region. Until the century. The X bishopric of Berat was subordinate to the metropolis of Durres and, after the century. XI, it passes under the subordination of Ohrid. By 1432, Berat had become a metropolis. With the collapse of the Byzantine Empire by the Crusaders, in 1204 Berat was included under the Despotate of Epirus.
In the years 1280-1281, the city seems to receive real strategic value during the confrontation between the Anzhuins of Charles I Anzhu and the Byzantine armies of Emperor Mihail VIII Paleolog. The loss of the Anzhuins in front of the Berat gates, after a long siege, marks the end of their campaign in Albania. In the years 1345-1346, the expansion of Stefan Dushan includes the city of Berat. At this time the city was under the possession of the Albanian feudal family of the Muzakaj who, as soon as the first riots began, became the owners of the city, turning it into the capital of their possessions. Barleti and John Muzaka, chroniclers and contemporaries of events, allude to an Ottoman occupation of the city around 1450. At the end of the XVIII century - early XIX century, the city is transformed into the center of the city of Berat. Throughout the centuries it has undergone numerous demolitions and reconstructions, the most recent being by Ali Pasha Tepelena in 1813-1821. During the Renaissance, which began in the middle of the century. XIX and was finalized with the proclamation of Independence on November 28, 1912, many of the city's families played an important role.
In World War I the city was occupied by Austro-Hungarian troops. Then, during World War II, the city was first occupied by the Italians, in 1939, and then by the Germans.
On October 22, 1944, the Anti-Fascist National Liberation Council decided to establish the first Democratic Government in the liberated city of Berat, whose headquarters moved to Tirana on November 27, 1944. Under the communist regime, the city recognized considerable industrial development. After the 1990s, like all Albanians, the city of Berat experienced major demographic, social, social and cultural changes.
The legend of the city
Thousands of years ago, a beautiful fairy lived on this side of the world. One day she met two giant brothers, Tomorr and Shpirag. The two brothers fell in love with the beautiful fairy. So deeply troubled were the hearts of the two brothers over this love, that their quarreling deepened and war broke out. Tomorr, having a fine sword, struck his younger brother on the ribs, while the latter, armed with a very heavy cannon, fiercely struck him as hard as he could. The Lord, seeing everything, was sad and angry. The brothers were to be punished for this grief they caused. Therefore, he turned the guilty brothers into stone and condemned them to keep the traces of the terrible war on the body for centuries. From that ancient time until today, the elder brother, Tomorri, has been showing the sun its pits - pits and innumerable openings. Whereas, to the younger brother, Shpirag, whoever crosses these areas sees the ribs broken and deepened. But even the cause of this myrrh, the beautiful and compassionate fairy, was not to escape the wrath of the Lord, so He turned her into a rocky hill, upon which one day stones began to be laid, and a great castle was built, that stands still today over the city of Berat. The beautiful fairy who loved the brothers, but not their anger poured out on one another, wept immensely, creating a river, that today is named Osum.
The protection of the Jews during World War II
During World War II, about 600 Jews took refuge and were welcomed into Berat families to escape the Holocaust. Berat and Albania saved not only resident Jews but also those who came from Central Europe and the Balkans. And this makes Albania a special case in the world, the only country involved in the war that did not allow any Jew who could enter its historical borders to be harmed.
Berat experiences a Mediterranean climate. Due to its location in a rain shadow of Mount Tomorr, the summer in Berat is much warmer than the rest of the Mediterranean.
Tirana International Airport Nene Tereza (http://www.tirana-airport.com/);
Vlora International Airport (A government project, promised to start soon.)
Terminali Berat eshte nje shoqeri e cila ustron aktivitetin e saj ne fushen e transportit. Ai ndodhet ne Rugen Antipatrea ne Lagjen Barrikade te qytetit te Beratit. Kjo shoqeri Ofron sherbime te shumellojshme.
+355 68 53 39 959
From Tirana Airport to Berat you have to go through SH2, SH4, and SH72.